The English name for amber is derived from the Arabic word anbar, originally used to describe ambergris (Eng. ambra).
Borrowed from Persian kahrobâ (کهربا). Similar names are found in the region of Central Asia.
The Polish name for amber (bursztyn) is derived from the German word Bernstein, meaning a stone that burns.
ambre, ámbar, âmbar, ambra
French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Slavic and Baltic languages
Slavic and Baltic languages trace the name for amber back to the Phoenician word yainitar (sea resin), with the Slavic yantar (Russian янтарь), Lithuanian gintaras, Latvian dzintars, Slovenian jantar…
The meaning of Chinese name amber translates as Tiger Soul.
“When the tiger dies, its soul enters the earth and transforms into stone”.
Swedish – bärnsten
Norwegian, Danish – rav
Icelandic – raf
Finnish – meripihka
Merevaik (Estonian), Sukceno (Esperanto), Κεχριμπάρι (Greek), Borostyán (Hungarian), Hổ phách (Vietnamese), Chihlimbar (Romanian), 호박 (Korean), कहरुवा (Nepali), อำพัน (Thai), ပယင် (Burmese).